silvestre, vlita (Modern Greek: Î²Î»Î¯ÏÎ±), and eat the leaves and the tender shoots cooked in steam or boiled and then served with olive oil, lemon and salt. Glossary - The common names of herbs and greens leafy vegetables is given in English, Tamil, Malayalam and Hindi are listed here.  Evidence from single-nucleotide polymorphisms and chromosome structure supports A. hypochondriacus as the common ancestor of the three grain species.. This is a miraculous spinach type that has lots of medicinal benefits. The genus also contains several well-known ornamental plants, such as Amaranthus caudatus (love-lies-bleeding), a vigorous, hardy annual with dark purplish flowers crowded in handsome drooping spikes. Amaranthus dubius, the red spinach, Chinese spinach, (simplified Chinese: 苋菜; traditional Chinese: 莧菜; pinyin: xiàncài), spleen amaranth, hon-toi-moi, yin choy, hsien tsai, or Arai keerai (அரை கீரை) is a plant species.It belongs to the economically important family Amaranthaceae.. This is an erect, annual herb reaching a maximum height near 3 m (9.8 ft). It does not have any name in Tamil or any other Indian languages. Agarathi is a Tamil dictionary with over 100,000+ words and multiple dictionary sources are available for search. 2013;11(3):206-12. It is boiled, then served with olive oil and lemon juice like a salad, sometimes alongside fried fish. In pre-Hispanic times, amaranth was cultivated by the Aztec and their tributary communities in a quantity very similar to maize. High Protein Content: The first thing I noticed when I read the label at the back of the pack is it’s … [family AMARANTHACEAE] Amaranthus oleraceus Linn. It is one of three Amaranthus species cultivated as a grain source, the other two being Amaranthus hypochondriacus and Amaranthus caudatus. Jepson Man. In Maharashtra, it is called shravani maath and is available in both red and white colour. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. A smaller leafed amaranth, “siru” is small in Tamil. In a 100-gram (3 1 â 2-ounce) amount, cooked amaranth provides 430 kilojoules (103 kilocalories) of food energy and is a moderately rich source of dietary minerals, including phosphorus, manganese, and iron. Amaranthus tricolor. Flowers are radially symmetric and either bisexual or unisexual with very small, bristly perianth and pointy bracts. [Although according to this source, it’s Amaranthus Polygonoides, the prostrate pigweed]  Infrageneric classification focuses on inflorescence, flower characters and whether a species is monoecious/dioecious, as in the Sauer (1955) suggested classification. Weeds of Chingleput district, Tamil Nadu. (2017). https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Amaranth&oldid=991827572, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles needing additional references from April 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Classical Nahuatl-language text, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with disputed statements from February 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Articles containing Indonesian-language text, Articles containing Ilocano-language text, Articles containing Vietnamese-language text, Articles containing Lingala-language text, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The health benefits of most popular medicinal varieties of spinach are elaborated in this blog. The first column has English name and following columns have names in Indian regional languages. Leaves ovate to rhombic-ovate, elliptic, lanceolate-oblong, or lanceolate, blades 1-12 cm long, 0.89-6 cm wide, smooth, leaft stalk 1-9 cm long. , The phylogenies of Amaranthus of maximum parsimony and Bayesian analysis of nuclear and chloroplast genes suggest five clades within the genus: Diecious / Pumilus, Hybris, Galapagos, Eurasian/ South African, Australian (ESA), ESA + South American. The Aztec month of Panquetzaliztli (7 December to 26 December) was dedicated to Huitzilopochtli. , "Amaranth" derives from Greek ἀμάραντος (amárantos), "unfading", with the Greek word for "flower", ἄνθος (ánthos), factoring into the word's development as amaranth, the unfading flower. Amaranthus is a cosmopolitan genus of annual or short-lived perennial plants collectively known as amaranths. J Integr Med. People decorated their homes and trees with paper flags; ritual races, processions, dances, songs, prayers, and finally human sacrifices were held. Asian Agri-History 21(4): 319-324", "Scientific Evidence for Pre-Columbian Transoceanic Voyages", "Crossing Methods and Cultivation Conditions for Rapid Production of Segregating Populations in Three Grain Amaranth Species", "USDA National Nutrient Database: cooked amaranth grain per 100 grams; Full report", https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eOwOZxHmwCU, "Squalene Market Size to Exceed USD 240 Million by 2022", FDA/CFSAN Food Compliance Program: Domestic Food Safety Program. Araikeerai (Botanical Name - Amaranthus Dubius): Araikeerai is a common spinach type used in most of the houses. Amaranthus spinosus is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in). Amaranthus tricolor, known in the vernacular as Joseph’s coat, eddible amaranth, or Chinese spinach, is an annual of the Amaranthus genus cultivated for its tender shoots, leaves, and sprouted seeds.  Flowers vary interspecifically from the presence of 3 or 5 tepals and stamens, whereas a 7-porate pollen grain structure remains consistent across the family. It is native to the tropical Americas, but is widespread as an introduced species on most continents in a great number of habitats.  Leaves are approximately 6.5–15 centimetres (2 1⁄2–6 inches) and of oval or elliptical shape that are either opposite or alternate across species, although most leaves are whole and simple with entire margins.  Some amaranth species are cultivated as leaf vegetables, pseudocereals, and ornamental plants. Thus it has to be prepared and cooked like other grains. Common name : spiny amaranth, Needle burr, prickly amaranth Botanical name : Amaranthus spinosus Family : Amaranthaceae Order : Caryophyllales Origin : America Hindi : Kanta chaulai Genus : Amaranthus Tamil : Thandang keerai I wud say Common Pure Tamil names are Selvi, Pazhani, Arasi, Mani, Murugan, Anbu, Azhagu , Vel/Velan , Mathi,Arul ,Iniya, Kathir, Sendhil,Selvan and Tamil tooâ¦ After 90s - I have seen lot of Karthik , Sathish In Mexico, it is called huautli ( Spanish pronunciation: [Ëwawtli] and alegría ( [aleËÉ£É¾i.a] and in English it has several common names, including blood amaranth , red amaranth , purple amaranth ,  prince's feather , and Mexican grain amaranth . Because of its importance as a symbol of indigenous culture, its palatability, ease of cooking, and a protein that is particularly well-suited to human nutritional needs, interest in amaranth seeds (especially A. cruentus and A. hypochondriacus) revived in the 1970s. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. Amaranth, (genus Amaranthus), genus of 60â70 species of flowering plants in the family Amaranthaceae, distributed nearly worldwide.Several amaranth species are useful as food crops and are grown both for their leaves and for their edible seeds, which are a nutritious pseudocereal (nongrass seeds used like cereal grains). The Botanical Review, 83(4), 382-436. Yields are high compared to the seeding rate: 1000 kg or more per hectare. While all species are believed to be native to the New World, several have been cultivated and introduced to warm regions worldwide. Amaranth, scientific name Amaranthus, is a member of the Amaranthaceae family which is related to and resembles Quinoa.Native to Central America and South America, it is also cultivated in the countries having warm climate. It is known in Yoruba as shoko, a short form of shokoyokoto (meaning "make the husband fat"), or arowo jeja (meaning "we have money left over for fish"). The entire plant is used to make medicine. Amaranthus palmeri NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. J.A Vozzo. Amaranthus albus var. Another Indian annual, A. hypochondriacus (prince's feather), has deeply veined, lance-shaped leaves, purple on the under face, and deep crimson flowers densely packed on erect spikes. In Vietnam, it is called rau dền and is used to make soup. The leaves and seeds contain lysine, an essential amino acid. A. arenicola, L.). It can co-exist with the equally common Amaranthus spinosus because the two species have different nutritional ... 1983. Amaranth and its relative quinoa are considered pseudocereals because of their similarities to cereals in flavor and cooking.The spread of Amaranthus is of a joint effort of human expansion, adaptation, and fertilization strategies. This is a surname belonging to Dalit , or "Untouchables," in the Hindu caste system. In Bantu regions of Uganda and western Kenya, it is known as doodo or litoto. Names of common varieties of spinach are mentioned in different language like English, botanical names, Tamil, Telugu etc. Boil in water with twice the amount of water as grain by volume (or 2.4 times as much water by weight). The species Amaranthus tricolor is known by the common name Arai keerai in Tamil.  Members of this genus share many characteristics and uses with members of the closely related genus Celosia. B.Name - Amaranthus spinosus Penmai's Celebrity Talk Show!! Also, this plant can survive in tough conditions.  Species in this genus are either monecious (i.e. It is easy to cook. Amaranthaceae is a family of flowering plants commonly known as the amaranth family, in reference to its type genus Amaranthus. If you want to stay true to your culture and want to give your daughter a classic Tamil name, Bhanupriya will be a good bet. This was one of the more important Aztec festivals, and the people prepared for the whole month. It is the most important source of water for Tamil Nadu. Amaranthus roxburghianus root extract in combination with piperine as a potential treatment of ulcerative colitis in mice. [family AMARANTHACEAE] Common names English wild amaranth, green amaranth. A voucher may be a record of a plant's occurrence in a particular area, or a specific example of a plant used in a scientific investigation. In Kerala, it is called cheera and is consumed by stir-frying the leaves with spices and red chili peppers to make a dish called cheera thoran. Some antinutritive effects have been identified in Amaranthus seed diets in a rodent model. Amaranth seed can also be popped one tablespoon at a time in a hot pan without oil, shaken every few seconds to avoid burning. Amaranths are recorded as food plants for some Lepidoptera (butterfly and moth) species including the nutmeg moth and various case-bearer moths of the genus Coleophora: C. amaranthella, C. enchorda (feeds exclusively on Amaranthus), C. immortalis (feeds exclusively on Amaranthus), C. lineapulvella, and C. versurella (recorded on A. spinosus). Amaranth grain is collected from the genus. It was recovered in Mexico from wild varieties and is now commercially cultivated. It is a Tamil name, denoting laborers in agriculture and/or industry. Making up about 5% of the total fatty acids of amaranth, squalene is extracted as a vegetable-based alternative to the more expensive shark oil for use in dietary supplements and cosmetics. This is partially due to the reduction in tillage, reduction in herbicidal use and the evolution of herbicidal resistance in several species where herbicides have been applied more often. A. Reznicek. A very common name, Bhanupriya means ‘beloved of the Sun’.  Species across the genus contain concentric rings of vascular bundles, and fix carbon efficiently with a C4 photosynthetic pathway. Proper weed control needs to be applied before the species successfully colonizes in the crop field and causes significant yield reductions. & Godr.  He describes Amaranth as 'immortal' in reference to the flowers that generally do not wither and retain bright reddish tones of color, even when deceased; sometimes referred to as "love-lies-bleeding. Cereal pictures are also displayed in this glossary list. Amaranthus viridis is a vigorous, erect, branched, annual plant growing 10 - 100cm tall. Keerai Types - Keerai Vagaigal - Keerai Names in Tamil English: 1.  A. hybridus may derive from South America, whereas A. quentiensis, A. caudatus, and A. hypochondriacus are native to Central and North America. Most Common Namesakes Submitted Surnames Message Boards Submit a Name Sign In Register Tamil Submitted Surnames Home » Submitted Names Tamil names are used in southern India and Sri Lanka.